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Valuing Dedicated Storage on Electrical Power Systems

The project, which is led by the Royal Irish Academy, began with a workshop in London in April 2015, followed by a workshop in Cologne in June 2015.  An open workshop, involving industry, policy and civil society stakeholders was held in Brussels in October 2015, and another with local stakeholders was held in Dublin in March 2016. The final report, summarising and explaining the latest scientific facts and analyses in this field, with a view to informing EU policy makers and contributing to the on-going debate in this complex area of EU energy policy, is scheduled for publication early in 2017.

The work is building on EASAC's 2009 report on transforming Europe's electricity supply system, but the new project focuses on grid scale energy storage integrated into the power system (both inputs and outputs in the form of electricity), from large scale pumped hydro storage to small scale dedicated demand side storage, which can be aggregated to provide grid services. 

Comparisons are being made between dedicated storage and other forms of flexibility (back up generation / curtailment, grid reinforcement / interconnections, demand side management (smart meters and grids), synergies with aggregated electric vehicle (battery) storage and fuel cells, delivery of surplus electricity to heat storage) in order to highlight investment, regulatory (electricity market rules), security of supply, and other energy policy implications in view of 2030 and 2050 EU climate and energy policy scenarios.

Expected developments in the performance and costs of storage technologies are being reviewed, and their future values assessed, including social welfare, meeting consumer expectations (eg household autonomy), and optimising ancillary services under different scenarios. Market designs (and transitional incentives), which could impact on the future use of electricity storage, are also being considered.

An update on the work on this project can be found here.

Sustainability and multi-functionality in Europe's forests

Both the energy and environment programmes of EASAC are guiding the project, which is led by the Finnish Academy of Science and Letters through the University of Helsinki.  It began with a workshop in Helsinki in May 2015, followed by a workshop in Amsterdam in October 2015, and an open workshop involving Commission officials and other stakeholders in Brussels in February 2016.  The final report, which is now scheduled for publication in Spring 2017, will summarise and explain the latest scientific facts and analyses for EU policy makers and contribute to the on-going EU policy debate in this complex area.

Forests and other wooded land cover >40 % of the EU's land area, with a great diversity of uses and properties across regions and climate zones. Forests provide many crucial services for society, such as controlling carbon and nitrogen fluxes between the atmosphere and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, and thus helping to mitigate climate change and eutrophication. Forests also influence small and medium scale weather patterns and offer hotspots for biodiversity. In some countries, forests and forestry industries provide a major energy contribution, and there are growing expectations that forests will also provide raw materials for a variety of existing and emerging products. Due to its important economic value and the high risks resulting from climate change effects on forests (e.g. forest fires and new pests), there is clearly a need to develop a holistic strategy for the forestry sector.

Across Europe, forests grow in both cold arctic-alpine areas and hot Mediterranean areas, so the challenges of forest management differ from region to region, but the key policy issues are very similar throughout the continent.  Similarly, although forestry management and laws remain primarily a national responsibility (and in some countries are even delegated to regional or local levels), there are plenty of policy issues on which it makes sense to share experience at a European level. 

The lead time for making changes to forests is typically 80 to 100 years.  It is therefore important that any future EU policies, which could affect the roles of forests in producing renewable raw materials and bioenergy, carbon cycling, and maintenance of biodiversity, should be soundly based on scientific facts and fully integrated into the EU's evolving climate, energy and environmental policies.

An update on the work on this project can be found here.

For further information on any of these projects please contact secretariat@easac.eu.




  • O'Malley, Mark - IE (Chair)
  • Andersson, Goeran - SUI
  • Bettzuege, Marc Oliver - DE
  • Bruce, Peter G.- UK
  • Desmet, Jan - BE
  • D'Haeseleer, William Denis - BE
  • Glachant, Jean-Michel - IT
  • Heinzel, Angelika - DE
  • Holttinen, Hannele K. - FI
  • Kiviluoma Juha - FI
  • Lund, Peter - FI
  • Moissis, Raphael - GR
  • O'Dwyer, Ciara - IE
  • Ornetzeder, Michael - AU
  • Rios, Insua David - ES
  • Schmidt, Thomas - SUI
  • Strbac, Goran - UK
  • van de Sanden, Richard - NL











  • Baeck, Jaana - FI (Chair)
  • Altimir, Nuria - FI
  • Aszalos, Reka - HU
  • Ceulemans, Reinhart J.M. - BE
  • Ditmarova, Lubica - SK
  • Glatzel, Gerhard - AU
  • Hanewinkel, Marc - DE
  • Kakaras, Emmanuel - GR
  • Lindroth, Anders - SE
  • Luyssaert, Sebastiaan - FR
  • Mackay, John - UK
  • Marek, Michal V. - CZ
  • Morgante, Michele - IT
  • Nabuurs, G.J. - NL
  • Pais, Maria Salomé - PT
  • Schaub, Marcus - SUI
  • Sipilae, Kai - FI
  • Tahvonen, Olli - FI
  • Vesala, Timo - FI