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Risks to plant Health | 10.03.14

EASAC Report on EU Priorities for Tackling Emerging Plant Pests and Diseases The introduction and spread of pests and diseases among food crops and other plant species in forestry, horticulture and natural habitats has...... read more

Extreme Weather Events in Europe | 02.12.13

In recent years, Europe has suffered a rising number of extreme weather events - from unprecedented heat waves and droughts to record-breaking floods, wind storms and freezes. These events do not respect borders and it is vital...... read more

EASAC statement on the SET-Plan | 01.08.13

The Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET-Plan) is an important component of European Union strategies to deliver its ambitious targets for decarbonising energy supply in Europe. This short statement from the European Academies...... read more

Planting the future: opportunities and challenges for using crop genetic improvement technologies for sustainable agriculture | 27.06.13

EASAC policy report 21, June 2013 Agriculture faces major challenges to deliver food security at a time of increasing pressures from climate change, social and economic inequity and instability, and the continuing need to avoid...... read more

Carbon Capture and Storage in Europe | 16.05.13

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is an important component of national, European and world-wide strategies to tackle climate change. It reduces greenhouse gas emissions by capturing the CO2 generated by large point sources...... read more

The current status of biofuels in the European Union, their environmental impacts and future prospects | 13.12.12

As part of its strategy to combat global warming by reducing the emission of greenhouse gases, the European Union (EU), in 2009, agreed the Renewable Energy Directive with ambitious targets for the use of renewable energy. These...... read more

EASAC statement on the need for more emphasis on systems approaches to inform EU policy making | 10.12.12

In modern society most of our energy is delivered through energy systems that are complex, geographically diverse and have interactions with other (sub)systems, for example the increasing interdependence of electricity, gas...... read more

Addressing the Challenges of Climate Change: an aide memoire for policy makers | 26.11.12

The European Academies Science Advisory Council (EASAC), which is formedby the National Science Academies of the European Union (EU) Member States,first issued this statement in December last year, urging world leaders, meeting...... read more

Direct-to-consumer genetic testing for health-related purposes in the European Union: the view from EASAC and FEAM | 29.06.12

Until recently, human genetic testing was mainly confined to specialist medical genetic services, traditionally focusing on the relatively rare inherited disorders. However, the rapid pace of advance in DNA analysis has led to...... read more

Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture | 06.03.12

Agriculture in Europe faces some major challenges, associated with the need to deliver food security worldwide at a time of increasing pressures from population growth, climate change and economic instability and the continuing...... read more

Addressing the Challenges of Climate Change | 20.11.11

The European Academies Science Advisory Council (EASAC), which is formed by the National Science Academies of the European Union (EU) Member States, urges world leaders, meeting in Durban in December 2011, to press ahead with the...... read more

Concentrating solar power: its potential contribution to a sustainable energy future | 07.11.11

Concentrating solar power (CSP) sits alongside photovoltaic electricity generation as a commercially available renewable energy technology capable of harnessing the immense solar resource in Southern Europe, the Middle East and...... read more

Infectious diseases and the future: policies for Europe | 04.11.11

Summaries of the EASAC report: European Public Health and Innovation Policy for Infectious Disease: The View from EASAC These documents are summaries of the full EASAC report on Infectious Diseases. It offers readers...... read more

Impact of Engineered Nanomaterials on Health: Considerations for Benefit-Risk Assessment | 18.10.11

Nanotechnology and its importance for Europe Nanotechnology encompasses the design, characterisation, production and application of materials and systems by controlling shape and size at the nanoscale (nanometres). Nanomaterials...... read more

European public health and innovation policy for infectious disease: the view from EASAC | 07.04.11

There have been major advances during the past century in research into and treatment of infectious disease. However, assumptions that most infectious disease had been conquered are now seen to have been misplaced, and European...... read more

Synthetic Biology: An Introduction | 08.02.11

This document is a summary of the full EASAC report on Synthetic Biology. It offers readers a non-technical account of the principal content and conclusions of that report. The advent of synthetic biology, with its aim of...... read more

Realising European potential in synthetic biology: scientific opportunities and good governance | 02.12.10

Synthetic biology covers the design and construction of novel biological components, systems and processes "that are not already known to exist in nature" together with the re-design of existing biological systems....... read more

Groundwater in the Southern Member States of the European Union: Country Reports France, Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain | 20.07.10

The science academies of the southern European Union member states have collected evidence on the importance, current status and use of groundwater within the region. The results of these country reports have been used to...... read more

Groundwater in the Southern Member States of the European Union | 16.06.10

Summary: What is the importance of groundwater for Europe? When rain or snow falls on land, some of the water runs into rivers or lakes and some is released back into the atmosphere through evaporation and transpiration (or...... read more

Climate change and infectious diseases in Europe | 30.03.10

Summary: Climate exerts both direct and indirect effects on the appearance and spread of human and animal infectious diseases. The impact of climate change on the transmission and geographical distribution of vector-borne...... read more

Transforming Europes Electricity Supply - full report | 11.06.09

Abstract: European energy policy seeks to achieve a substantially increased contribution from renewable sources of electricity, and the creation of a pan-European competitive electricity market. The existing infrastructure of...... read more

Transforming Europes Electricity Supply - summary | 11.06.09

Abstract: What planning processes are required for a European grid to ensure that investments in capacity to transmit electrical energy are made in the right places? How should a European grid be operated to ensure...... read more

Healthcare-associated infections: the view from EASAC | 20.04.09

Healthcare-associated infections are an increasing problem for the European Union. Many Member States are spending a substantial proportion of their healthcare budget on these infections, which affect about 7% of patients in...... read more

Drug-resistant tuberculosis - full report | 24.03.09

Abstract: Worldwide, more than nine million people develop active tuberculosis (TB) every year, with 1.7 million dying from the disease. TB had been considered conquered in many European countries, but it has re-emerged as a...... read more

Drug resistant tuberculosis - summary | 24.03.09

Abstract: Worldwide, more than nine million people develop active tuberculosis (TB) every year, with 1.7 million dying from the disease. TB had been considered conquered in many European countries, but it has re-emerged as a...... read more

Ecosystems services and biodiversity in Europe | 09.02.09

Abstract: The life support systems that are provided by the environment (ecosystem services) are undervalued by Europeans and must be protected by new legislation, EASAC writes in its new report published on 17 February...... read more

Combating the threat of zoonotic infections | 15.05.08

Abstract: Most new human pathogens reported in the past 25 years, such as influenza and SARS, have zoonotic origins. The risk of zoonotic infection, that is any infection transmissible between vertebrate animals and humans, is...... read more

The use of EU structural funds in science and technology | 14.02.08

Abstract: EASAC issued a statement reiterating the role of science and technology in developing the economies of the EU and that the Barcelona targets had been formal recognition of this.   To achieve these targets...... read more

Use of non-human primates | 31.01.08

Abstract: EASAC believes there is a need for carefully selected research questions to be answered with the use of non-human primates, but believes this should always be subject to a rigorous assessment of the welfare of the...... read more

Migration and infectious diseases | 18.09.07

Abstract: The healthcare screening and treatment processes for migrants entering the EU need to be better evaluated and coordinated across Member States   to prevent the potential spread of infectious diseases such as TB...... read more

Study on the EU oil shale industry | 23.08.07

Abstract: EASAC prepared a study for the European Parliament on the EU oil shale industry - in light of the Estonian experience. Download... read more

Tackling antibacterial resistance in Europe | 21.06.07

Abstract: Deaths from previously treatable infections will become more common unless there is investment in the science needed to tackle antibiotic resistance the Royal Society has warned in a report published on 21 June...... read more

EU gas markets workshop | 10.10.06

Abstract: In October 2006 EASAC organised a workshop in the European Parliament at the request of the Indistry, Research and Energy Committee.  The workshop discussed aspects of the EU gas markets. Download... read more

Vaccines: Innovation and Human Health | 09.05.06

Abstract: EASAC published on 9 May 2006 a report on vaccines: innovation and human health. The report focuses on the importance of vaccines: reviewing the latest scientific developments and their implications for public...... read more

Price-setting in the EU electricity markets | 20.04.06

Abstract: In February 2006 EASAC produced a study of price-setting in the EU electricity markets on behalf of the European Parliament.  The study compares the charateristics of the markets and their...... read more

Bureaucracy in the 6th Framework Programme | 22.02.06

Abstract: On 22 February 2006 the European Parliament held a workshop to examine the effect that the bureaucracy involved in applying for funding via Framework Programme 6. EASAC selected the speakers at the event and wrote up...... read more

Infectious diseases - importance of co-ordinated activity in Europe | 15.06.05

Abstract: EASAC published on 14 June 2005 a report on infectious diseases and the need for co-ordinated activity in Europe. In the report EASAC describes major challenges facing Europe from newly-emerging and long-standing...... read more

A users guide to biodiversity indicators | 22.03.05

Abstract: EASAC published on 22 March 2005 a users guide to biodiversity indicators. The guide highlights that while the EU has set the challenging target of halting the loss of plant and animal species by 2010, the methods for...... read more

Impacts of pollution from outside the European Union on Europes environmental targets | 17.06.04

Abstract: EASAC published on 17 June 2004 a statement on atmospheric pollution in the EU. The statement highlights the growth in concentration of atmospheric ozone, which is moving towards levels that could have serious health...... read more

Genomics and crop plant science in Europe | 24.05.04

Abstract: EASAC published on 24 May 2004 a report on genomics and crop plant science in Europe. The report concludes that the successful application of new tools and methods in plant genetics to conventional farming is being...... read more

Towards 3%: attainment of the Barcelona target | 06.04.04

Abstract: EASAC published on 6 April 2004 a report of a workshop organised in the European Parliament at the request of the EP Industry Committee. The workshop was centred round EASAC case studies of the growth in R&D...... read more

Commission Communication on an action plan for stimulating technologies for sustainable development | 05.04.04

Abstract: Briefing on the European Commission Communication onan action plan for stimulating technologies for sustainable development COM (2004) 38 Download... read more

Clean Coal Report Review | 28.02.04

Abstract: This review has been prepared under the terms of a contract between EASAC and STOA, which provides for EASAC to undertake peer review of the scientific aspects of reports commissioned by STOA from external...... read more

Proposal for a Regulation on the addition of vitamins and minerals and of other substances to food | 19.02.04

Abstract: Review of COM 671 European Commission proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the addition of vitamins and minerals and of certain other substances to food. Download... read more

Proposal for a Regulation on materials and articles intended to come into contact with food | 18.02.04

Abstract: Review of COM 689 European commission proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on materials and articles intended to come into contact with food. Download... read more

Review of MVV report on alternative automative fuel report | 31.01.04

Abstract: This review has been prepared under the terms of a contract between EASAC and STOA, which provides for EASAC to undertake peer review of the scientific aspects of reports commissioned by STOA from external...... read more

Proposal for a Directive on the protection of groundwater against pollution | 23.01.04

Abstract: Briefing on the European Commission Proposal for a Directive on the protection of groundwater against pollution COM (2003) 550 Download... read more

STOA Fisheries reviews | 02.01.04

Abstract: EASAC was invited to review proposals for three projects arising from the Fisheries Committee of the European Parliament.  The three projects were: Contribution of algal blooms to shellfish poisoning and their...... read more

Review of RPA report "Inedibles in food product packaging" | 30.11.03

Abstract: This review has been prepared under the terms of a contract between EASAC and STOA, which provides for EASAC to undertake peer review of the scientific aspects of reports commissioned by STOA from external...... read more

Proposal for a Regulation on certain greenhouse gases | 20.11.03

Abstract: Briefing on the European Commission proposal for a regulation on certain greenhouse gases [COM (2003) 492] Download... read more

Proposal for a Regulation on maximum residue levels of pesticides in plant and animal products | 20.11.03

Abstract: Briefing on the European Commission Proposal Regulation on maximum residue levels of and animal products [COM (2003) 117] Download... read more

Proposal for a Directive relating to arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and PAH | 11.11.03

Abstract: Briefing on the European Commission Proposal for a Directive relating to arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and PAH (fourth daughter directive under the Air Framework Directive) COM (2003) 423 Download... read more