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The EASAC Energy Programme is the most recently initiated of the three EASAC programmes: its first major study was undertaken in 2008-2009 on the European electricity grid. As with the other programmes, its aim is to provide independent advice from the science academies on the scientific and technical issues impacting on European policy making, in this case, on energy.

The Energy Programme works through the academies to draw together the leading scientists and engineers who are working in Europe on energy issues to develop robust advice on the key policy issues. It builds on EASAC's experience over more than ten years of working at the interface of science and European policy making. A Steering Panel of energy experts from across Europe advises on the focus of the programme, peer reviews outputs, and makes inputs to energy debates internationally. This last activity has included preparing statements on the use of systems approaches in developing EU energy policy and on Europe's Strategic Energy Technology Plan, and providing reviews of energy reports from the US and Germany.

Recent reports generated by the Energy Programme have concerned concentrating solar power, carbon capture and storage, and (jointly with the Environment Programme) sustainable biofuels. Forthcoming reports in 2014 will include the management of spent nuclear fuel and its waste, and breakthroughs in low carbon energy.